Mechanical engineering plays a crucial role in both the Make in India and Atmanirbhar Bharat initiatives. These initiatives of the Government of India aim to promote self-reliance and boost the manufacturing industry in India. Mechanical engineers are an essential component of these initiatives, and their contributions are critical to their success.
Make in India is a government initiative launched to promote manufacturing in India and attract foreign investment. The initiative aims to increase the share of manufacturing in India’s GDP from 16% to 25% by 2025. Mechanical engineers are vital to achieving this goal, as they are responsible for designing, developing, and testing mechanical systems, including machines, tools, and equipment.
One example of how mechanical engineers are contributing to the Make in India initiative is in the automotive industry. Indian automakers are rapidly expanding their domestic production, with companies like Tata Motors and Mahindra & Mahindra investing heavily in research and development of new technologies. Mechanical engineers are critical to this effort, designing and developing new components and systems that meet the needs of Indian consumers.
Pic 1. Students of SGT University retrofitted the IC engine bike into E-Bike.
Mechanical engineers also play a crucial role in the Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative, which seeks to promote self-reliance and reduce India’s dependence on imported goods. The initiative aims to develop local manufacturing capabilities and strengthen domestic supply chains. Mechanical engineers play an important role in achieving these goals by designing and developing indigenous manufacturing capabilities and optimizing production processes.
One example of how mechanical engineers are contributing to Atmanirbhar Bharat is the development of indigenous medical devices. India is heavily dependent on imported medical devices, with the country importing over 80% of its medical equipment. This dependency on imports can lead to supply chain disruptions, price volatility, and reduced access to medical equipment. Mechanical engineers are playing a critical role in developing domestic manufacturing capabilities for medical devices. They are involved in designing and developing components and systems for medical devices such as ventilators, oxygen concentrators, and diagnostic equipment.
Pic 2. Students of SGT University fabricated Oxygen Concentrator during COVID-19.
For example, during the COVID-19 pandemic, mechanical engineers in India designed and developed low-cost ventilators to address the shortage of these critical devices. The design and development of these ventilators were done in collaboration with medical professionals and regulatory authorities, ensuring that they meet the required standards for medical equipment.
Mechanical engineers are involved in all stages of the manufacturing process, from the initial design and development of products to the optimization of production processes. They use their knowledge of mechanics, thermodynamics, and materials science to ensure that products are designed for optimal performance and longevity. They are also involved in the maintenance and repair of machinery, ensuring that equipment operates efficiently and safely.
Mechanical engineers are also at the forefront of promoting innovation in the manufacturing industry. They are constantly developing new technologies and materials that enable companies to create innovative products that meet the evolving needs of customers. They are also involved in research and development activities that lead to the creation of new manufacturing processes and equipment.
The importance of mechanical engineers in both the Make in India and Atmanirbhar Bharat initiatives cannot be overstated. They are essential to the development of new products, optimization of production processes, and maintenance of equipment in the manufacturing industry. Their expertise ensures that companies can remain competitive and innovative, enabling them to grow and thrive in the global marketplace.
In conclusion, mechanical engineers play a vital role in both the Make in India and Atmanirbhar Bharat initiatives. They are responsible for designing, developing, and testing mechanical systems, optimizing production processes, and promoting innovation in the manufacturing industry. By investing in the education and training of mechanical engineers, the Indian government can ensure that they have the expertise and knowledge to meet the demands of the manufacturing industry and contribute to the success of these initiatives.