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13040708 Wireless Sensor Network L T P C
Version1.0 Date of Approval: — 3 1 0 3

Course Objectives

Wide range of applications such as disaster management, military and security have fueled the interest in sensor networks during the past few years. Sensors are typically capable of wireless communication and are significantly constrained in the amount of available resources such as energy, storage and computation. Such constraints make the design and operation of sensor networks considerably different from contemporary wireless networks, and necessitate the development of resource conscious protocols and management techniques. This course provides a broad coverage of challenges and latest research results related to the design and management of wireless sensor networks. Covered topics include network architectures, node discovery and localization, deployment strategies, node coverage, routing protocols, medium access arbitration, fault-tolerance, and network security.

Learning Objectives:

By the completion of the course, you should be able to:

  • Architect sensor networks for various application setups.
  • Explore the design space and conduct trade-off analysis between performance and resources.
  • Assess coverage and conduct node deployment planning.
  • Devise appropriate data dissemination protocols and model links cost.
  • Determine suitable medium access protocols and radio hardware.
  • Prototype sensor networks using commercial components.
  • Provision quality of service, fault-tolerance, security and other dependability requirements while coping with resource constraints.
  • Evaluate the performance of sensor networks and identify bottlenecks.  

Reference BookS

  1. Protocols and Architectures for Wireless Sensor Networks; Holger Karl, Technical University of Berlin,, Andreas Willig, University of Potsdam, Wiley,  ISBN: 0-470-09510-5, June 2005 

Course Content

Unit I: Applications and Design Model                                                              

12 lecture hours

Examples of available sensor nodes,  Sample sensor networks applications, Design challenges, Contemporary network architectures, Operational and computational models, Performance metrics, Software and hardware setups.

Unit II: Network Bootstrapping                                                                            

8 lecture hours

Sensor deployment mechanisms, Issues of coverage, Node discovery protocols, Localization schemes, Network clustering,

Unit III: Data dissemination and routing                                                            

6 lecture hours

Query models, In-network data aggregation , Robust route setup, Coping with energy constraints,

Unit IV: Physical and Link layers                                                                         

8 lecture hours

Radio energy consumption model, Power management, Medium access arbitration, Optimization mechanisms

Unit V: Dependability Issues                                                                                 

6 lecture hours

Security challenges, Threat and attack models, Quality of service provisioning, Clock synchronization, Supporting fault tolerant operation 

Mode of Evaluation: The theory Performance of students are evaluated separately.


  Theory Laboratory Theory and laboratory
Components Internal SEE Internal SEE
Marks 50 50
Total Marks 100
Scaled Marks 75 75