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Syllabus | B. Tech. Electronics & Communication Engineering | Antenna and Wave Propagation

13040505 Antenna and Wave Propagation L T P C
Version1.1 Date of Approval: Jun 06, 2013 3 0 0 3
Pre-requisites//Exposure  Electromagnetic Field Theory

 Course Objectives

The student will learn and understand

  1. Fundamental antenna parameters and numerical methods to analyze and differentiate the antennas.
  2. Concept of radiation mechanism of various antennas.
  3. Mechanism and models for radio-wave propagation.

Course Outcomes

On completion of this course, the students will be able to

  1. Identify basic antenna parameters.
  2. Design and analyze antenna arrays.
  3. Design and analyze wire and aperture antennas.
  4. Identify the characteristics of radio-wave propagation.

Catalog Description

Antenna and Wave Propagation is to introduce to the students the basics of radiating elements and effect of propagation of radio waves in actual environment. This course provides students with comprehensive coverage of a wide variety of antennas and propagation topics related to numerous communication systems with a particular emphasis on military applications.  The course presents fundamental theory together with techniques for the practical design, measurement and application of antennas over the RF (radio-frequency) to millimetre wave frequency range.

Text Book

  1. J.D.Krauss, “Antenna for all Applications”, TMH, 3rd Edition, 2010, ISBN 0-89006-513-6.
  2. C.A.Balanis, “Antenna Theory – Analysis and Design”, Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2010. ISBN 0-471-66782-X

Reference Books

  1. R.S.Elliot, “Antenna Theory and Design”, IEEE Press, John Wiley, 2005, ISBN-13 978-0-470-01741-8, 3rd edition.
  2. K.D.Prasad, “Antennas and Radiating Systems”, Satyaprakasan


Course Content

Unit – I: Antenna Fundamentals                                                                

9 Lectures

Retarded potential – Radiation mechanism, directivity and gain, bandwidth, polarization, co polarization and cross polarization level, beam width, input impedance, bandwidth, efficiency, input impedance, antenna effective length and area, antenna temperature- radiation pattern- Gain- Directivity and Impedance measurements.

Unit – II: Design of Arrays                                                                         

6 Lectures

Linear Array – Two element array, N-element linear array- broadside array, End fire array-Directivity, radiation pattern. Planar array – array factor, beam width, directivity. Circular array -array factor.

Unit – III: Design of Antennas                                                                               

9 Lectures

Long wire, V-Antenna, Rhombic antenna, Monopole Antenna – dipole antenna, helical antenna, Spiral antenna, Log periodic antenna, Yagi-Uda antenna. Aperture antenna – Horn antenna, parabolic reflector antenna. Microstrip antenna.

Unit – IV: Antennas for modern wireless communications                                 

7 Lectures

Antennas for Terrestrial mobile communication – mobile handsets and base stations. Antennas for Satellite Communication- MSAT briefcase terminal and vehicle mounted Antennas.

Unit – V: Wave Propagation                                                                                  

 8 Lectures

Propagation Mechanism- Reflection, refraction and Transmission, Scattering and diffraction. Propagation Model- Path Loss, Free space loss, Plane earth Loss. Noise Modeling. Modes of propagation- Ground wave Propagation, Sky wave Propagation, Space wave, Tropospheric Refraction, Obstruction Loss, Diffraction, Influence of Clutter. – Tropospheric effects, Ionospheric Effects.

Mode of Evaluation: The theory and lab performance of students are evaluated separately.


  Theory Theory and laboratory
Components Internal SEE
Marks 50 50
Total Marks 100
Scaled Marks 100 100

Relationship between the Course Outcomes (COs) and Program Outcomes (POs)

Mapping between Cos and POs
Sl. No. Course Outcomes (COs) Mapped Programme Outcomes
1 Identify basic antenna parameters.


2 Design and analyze antenna arrays.


3 Design and analyze wire and aperture antennas.


4 Identify the characteristics of radio-wave propagation.




    Engineering Knowledge Problem analysis Design/development of solutions Conduct investigations of complex problems Modern tool usage The engineer and society Environment and sustainability Ethics Individual or team work Communication Project management and finance Life-long Learning
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
TEC312 Antenna and Wave Propagation   2 3 2                

1=addressed to small extent

2= addressed significantly

3=major part of course


Theory  The theory of this course is used to evaluate the program outcome PO(3)