Building Construction and Materials
The construction of buildings and structures relies on having a thorough understanding of building materials. Without this knowledge it would not be possible to build safe, efficient and long-lasting buildings, structures and dwellings. This course provides an over-view of the basic properties of wide range of building materials available to Civil Engineers for various usages. Students also learn the standard testing procedures of construction materials as per provision of various IS Codes. Besides this students also learn about construction of brick and stone masonry, plastering, damp proofing its requirements and methods of construction, need and significance of ventilation, methods of insulation, construction equipment. Last module of course introduces students to repairs and rehabilitation of structures, crack pattern, causes of deterioration of structures, assessment of damages and methods employed for repairs and restoration.
- To teach students about the physical and mechanical properties of various construction materials and their testing procedure.
- To teach students about the principles and methods to be followed in constructing various components of a building.
- To make the students aware of precautionary measures to be taken during construction to avoid any damage to the structure at a later date.
- To teach students about assessment of damages and methods of repairs and restoration.
On completion of this course, the students will be able to
- Follow BIS and NBO codes for different components of building construction along with testing procedure of building materials with respect to relevant codes.
- Supervise construction work with technical ability within the frame work of codal provision.
- Select the modern construction materials appropriate to the climate and functional aspects of the buildings.
- Supervise the construction technique to be followed in brick and stone masonry, concreting, flooring, roofing and plastering etc.
- Understand the common lapses during the construction which results in the deterioration/damage to the structure at the later date.
- Study the causes of deterioration, crack pattern and assessment of damage to the structure due to faulty construction or natural calamity.
- Construction techniques in repairing and rehabilitation of structures
Unit I: Properties & Testing of Materials
Physical and Mechanical properties of construction materials – stones, brick, cement, aggregate, timber, tiles. Testing of said materials as per BIS specifications.
Unit II Properties of Miscellaneous Materials
Structural Steel and Aluminium, Roofing Material, Physical descriptions of asbestos sheets, GI sheets, tubes and light weight roofing materials, Timber and its Products, Modern materials, Neoprene, thermocol, vinyl flooring, decorative panels and laminates, anodised aluminium, architectural glass and ceramics, Ferro cement, PVC, polymer base materials and Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP).
Unit III: Brick & Stone Masonry
Brick masonry construction- Principles of construction, types of bonds, introduction to reinforced brick work, lintels and arches.
Stone masonry – Types of stone masonry & method of its construction, lintels and arches.
Finishing- Pointing, Plastering, Paintings, varnishing.
General Principles of – Flooring and its types, Roofing and its types, Damp proof course (DPC).
Unit IV: Foundations
Function of foundation, Types of foundation- Shallow and deep, there methods of construction.
Unit V Thermal Insulation and Acoustic
Thermal insulation- Types of materials, Heat transfer and basic definition, methods of thermal insulations for roof, exposed walls, doors and windows in building construction.
Acoustics- Types of materials for improvement of acoustics in building construction, audible sound, behaviour of sound, reflection of sound, reverberation and absorption, sound insulation and acoustic design of hall.
Unit VI: Repair, Rehabilitation and Prefabricated structures
Preventive measures during construction for a durable and safe building structures, assessment of damage due to faulty construction and natural and manmade calamities, repair and rehabilitation of structures using Polymer concrete, Sulphur infiltrated concrete, Fibre reinforced concrete, High strength concrete, High performance concrete, Vacuum concrete, self-compacting concrete, Geopolymer concrete, Reactive powder concrete, Concrete made with industrial wastes
Introduction to pre-fabricated structures and its use in repair and rehabilitation of pre-fabricated structures.
1.Rangwala, Engineering Materials, Charotar Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.
2.Ashok Kumar Jain, Dr. B.C. Punmia, Arun Kumar Jain, Building Construction, Laxmi Publications Pvt. Ltd.
- M.L.Gambhir, Concrete Technology, Tata McGraw Hill Education.
- P.C.Varghese, Engineering Materials, 1st edition, PHI Learning.
- S.K.Duggal, Building Materials, 3rd Edition, New Age International Publishers.
- Sushil Kumar, Building Construction, Standard Publishers Distributors.
- M.S.Shetty, Concrete Technology: Theory and Practice, S. Chand Publishers.
- A.R.Santhakumar, Concrete Technology, Oxford University Press.