For conventional engineering disciplines like Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, biology may not be a distinctive subject, but it is an integral part of disciplines such as biosystems engineering, Ergonomics, Biomedical engineering, etc. Biosystems Engineering focused on the application of engineering principles to biological systems like plants, animals, micro-organisms, or humans. It is very much important for engineering students to understand the basic principles of engineering and the introduction of biological concepts so that they can effectively interact to concern for providing solutions to the problems related to biosystems. Today, biology is an emerging interdisciplinary field that focuses on the application of engineering principles for the analysis of biological systems and solving the connection problems of these systems that are plant, animal, or microbiological with man-made machines, structures, processes, and instruments.
The biological revolution continues to mature and affects us all. Living organisms can now be analyzed, measured, and “built” like never before. Biology remains linked to the food system and agriculture, but nowadays modern agriculture is heavily influenced by biotechnology. Developing energy-saving technologies to support local vegetable production throughout the year and to produce high-quality chemicals such as herbal medicines. The main goal is to develop a technology that works in harmony with the biology of living systems. In many cases, the knowledge available today is insufficient to support projects in food technology and biological processes. A better basic knowledge of biology and its possible applications is, therefore, a concern of engineers.
The detection of pathogens, clinically relevant markers, and toxins can be done by developing suitable biosensors, bioassays, and microfluidic chip systems. The sensor’s applications will be in the areas of clinical diagnostics, food safety, the environment, or biological safety. Boron Nitride Nanotubes (BNNT) can act as a mass sensor that can detect mass at the zeptogram level (10-21 grams), i.e., even the mass of bacteria and various viruses can be detected. Another interesting property is that BNNTs can purify water. Researchers are very interested in BNNT, it is an interesting research topic because of its unique properties that are known and much more that are yet to be discovered.
A systematic approach to future energy demand is taken into account through the development and validation of material, energy, and economic system models. As well as these models can be used to evaluate the energy system, economic viability, and carbon balance. These approaches require the engineers to be familiar with relevant biological concepts. Developing a structure to integrate uncertain wind resources into existing energy power grids using optimization in conjunction with simulations to enhance the power generation. Engineers are now more focused to develop, test and design strategies to protect water quality and new approaches to monitoring hydrological systems which will lead to sustainable water development worldwide.
At SGT University, we offer our engineering graduates Biology for Engineers keeping in mind the importance of it. SGT emphasizes acting as a bridge between research scholars and local businesses. Our main goal at the university is to find solutions to social problems to improve our society for a better tomorrow.